How to Develop Alternative Views? Alternative Opinion Development MethodsJune 26, 2021
Philosophy and higher-order thinking are above all “reflection” (reflexive thinking), as covered in the previous units. Rather than reading the information or text “plainly”, it involves reading and analyzing each piece of information from different angles in different ways and methods, creating a new meaning and reaching different results.
While reading the text, the facts, numerical data, information and opinions in the text are first separated and analyzed. By recombining it is synthesized, generalized, re-interpreted and applied to solving new ideas, conceptual or practical problems. Therefore, reading every text is essentially a process of developing new ideas, reconsidering and organizing life and actions.
In order to develop alternative and original ideas based on a text, the following questions should be answered:
“What is the main subject, idea and argument of the text, what are the views, propositions and arguments that support them?”,
“What kinds of conceptualizations and terminations have been made?”,
“Has the principles of reasoning been followed?”
“What is the truth and reality value?”
In order to answer these questions, it is necessary to have a good command of opinion, proposition, argument, consistency and truth (See: Reasoning and Argumentation).
It is controversial whether the views in the analyzed text can be directly understood or not. Understanding the ideas in the text is also a matter for the reader, regardless of the author. It is also possible to understand the ideas in the text in a different way, not as the author intended. These different insights can also be eye-opening without being unfair to the text and its author. Alternative ideas may be of both subject and theory, and path and method.
QUESTIONS TO ASK FOR TEXT INTERPRETATION
What did you learn from this text?
Does the text have theoretical, methodological or practical aspects that provide innovation or expansion?
What views and arguments impressed you the most?
Do you agree with all of the views and judgments in the text?
What points would you highlight? What information and examples would you use to support these views?
If it were you, which ways and methods would you use while handling the subject?
What do you think about this subject?
Your analysis and evaluations; How do you think the new ideas, arguments and solution proposals you have developed will contribute to the current issue or to life?
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Grade 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and “Introduction to Sociology” (Ömer YILDIRIM); Other Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM), MEB Philosophy Textbook, Open Education Textbook