I think therefore I am; I Think So I Am! Cogito ergo sumJuly 1, 2021
As Descartes showed in his famous Cogito, existence can be thought only on condition that there is a thinking being conscious of its existence.
The second of the two Cartesian propositions, “I think, therefore I am, and Cogito sum, (“I think, I am, I am”) more strongly emphasizes the solidarity of thought and being, for in this formula it is the same thing to exist and to think that one exists. Thinking and thinking that this thing (or being) exists adds nothing to that thing (or being). Any thought, whether real or imaginary, comes and knots in existence. Therefore, Kant will criticize the “ontological proof”‘s propositional proposition for the existence of God. and that no real existence can be deduced from mere contemplation of its existence.
On the other hand, a solitary subject, who is thought to be thrown into existence, abandoned by a superior power (God or Being) to the world of creatures or “beings”, becomes conscious of himself and cries out his moral loneliness (with a sense of abandonment) according to God or Being. The anxiety and worry that he feels negatively affects the idea of existence.
Thus, there is a fundamental dichotomy between the fact of existence, which imposes itself on the consciousness of the thinking subject, and the fact of thinking, in which thought hits the being as if it were an alien and uncontrollable given. Every particular existence with a limited, temporary and radically contingent experience is a subjective reality, and as such it is outside the field of any objective science as much as possible, but in the domain of contingency, its necessity and particularity: capable of discovering the universal beyond (free from passions, anxieties, and interests of ordinary existence). ) are not excluded from rational thought.
Compiled by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Grade 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and Grade 3 “History of Contemporary Philosophy” (Ömer YILDIRIM)