Introduction to PhilosophyJune 26, 2021
An introduction to philosophy is not like an introduction to any subject. Because the first step in the introduction to any subject is to define it, but the situation is a little different in the introduction to philosophy.
The best accepted way of saying what something is, since ancient times, is to describe it. Because a good and correct definition reveals the distinguishing feature of the defined thing and reveals what it is. However, doing this for philosophy is neither easy nor correct.
Philosophy is something people who are willing to think and question bring to life. So much so that it is something that can emerge in an intellectual exchange process, with mutual conversations or discussions. It is not just reading the solutions of philosophers or knowing philosophy. It is a type of research that lives with the exchange of thoughts of people who think, question, research and try to give their own answers.
DEFINING AND UNDERSTANDING PHILOSOPHY
Defining philosophy is no easy task; because historical and social influences, the interests of philosophers and their way of looking at the world naturally differ. The said difference is naturally reflected in the philosophers’ understanding of philosophy and the way they define philosophy.
It is not correct to try to understand philosophy through a certain definition. Because there is no doubt that characterizing philosophy with a definition will limit the possibilities of philosophy. Also, a clear definition of philosophy can mislead people by reducing it to an activity or an entrenched discipline.
Admittedly, it would be more appropriate to avoid restrictive definitions that would reveal the essence of philosophy; because philosophy is not just the sum of finished thoughts, ideas that have come to an end.
That is, most of the philosophers define philosophy as understanding and interpreting the world through a certain way of thinking. For example, the great German thinker Karl Marx (1818-1883) evaluated philosophy as follows:
“Philosophers have hitherto only sought to understand the world; whereas the important thing is to change the world rather than to understand it.”
Thus, Marx attributed a goal to philosophy and defined it as “changing the world”.
Marx is a philosopher who has left his mark on the history of philosophy, especially near our age.
The definition and meaning of philosophy has varied not only among philosophers, but also from culture to culture. For example, philosophy in Ancient Greece, BC. It began in the sixth century as a theoretical inquiry into what really exists. However, around the same period, the interests of thinkers in the East were of a different nature. In this period, for example, it can be said that the philosophy of the Chinese was more concrete and practical. Indeed, Chinese thinkers understood philosophy as a way of developing harmonious relations within the social environment.
Socrates (469-399) understood and explained philosophy as an activity of criticism, questioning and mutual discussion. Therefore, Socrates did not value the “written word”, which he believed made the human mind lazy. As a result, he left nothing written in which he expressed his ideas.
Socrates’ student Plato (427-347) also took part in this tradition. Because he philosophized in his Academy, completely closed to the outside. Here he has written some dialogues for the average reader only. Therefore, true philosophy cannot be found in books or written texts. This tradition is based heavily on Socrates and Plato. There is no doubt that this does not mean that the works written by philosophers are worthless or unimportant. These works are full of philosophical problems and ideas that enrich our world of thought. In addition, these works make it possible for us to construct our own ideas.
Famous German poet and thinker Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) “Those who cannot account for the past three thousand years cannot find their way in the dark; He is probably talking about this when he says “they only live day by day, disappear and go”. But whatever it may be called, philosophy is certainly not merely the official parade of philosophers and their thoughts.
INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY
Preliminary information for beginners in philosophy
The importance and necessity of thinking
The birth of philosophy
Why should we study philosophy?
What is the field of philosophy?
Subjects and basic disciplines of philosophy
What is information?
What are the types of information?
What is the function of philosophy, what is the necessity of philosophy?
What are the benefits of philosophy to people?
The place of philosophy in human life
What are the social benefits of philosophy?
What are the benefits of philosophy?
What are the qualities of philosophical thought?
The importance of consistency in philosophy
Reasoning and argumentation
philosophical reading and writing
RELATED AREAS OF PHILOSOPHY
The relationship between philosophy and religion
Philosophy and Wisdom Relationship
The relationship between philosophy and science
philosophy life relationship
relationship between philosophy and art
The relationship between philosophy and metaphysics
relationship between philosophy and science
philosophy language relation
Language and dream