Jean Piaget and her Contributions to ScienceJune 27, 2021
By discovering the mystery of learning, Piaget uncovered the mystery behind the human learning process and child-specific, cute but seemingly illogical concepts.
Considered one of the pioneers of philosophy and psychology, Swiss scientist Jean Piaget spent most of his professional life listening to and observing children and examining scientific publications prepared by scientists from all over the world on the same subject. Piaget after all; revealed that children think very differently from adults.
After interviews with thousands of children who can barely express themselves, Piaget came to the conclusion that the thought processes of this age group, with their own order and logic, could lie behind the cute, yet illogical, views expressed by this age group. Einstein described it as “a simple invention that only a genius can conceive”. Piaget’s view opened a new window into the core functions of intelligence.
After an intensive research period of 75 years, from his first scientific report, which he published at the age of 10, until his death at the age of 84, Piaget contributed to the development of many new disciplines called developmental psychology, cognitive theory and genetic information theory (epistemology).
Although he is not considered a “corrector” in education, Piaget has brought to the surface the way of thinking of the child, which is the basis of actions aimed at bringing a new face to education today. Compared to the tales of “noble savages” and “cannibals” that contemporary anthropologists have come up with, Piaget took a very different view. From this point of view, it can be said that Piaget was the first scientist to take the way of thinking of children seriously. Although scientists such as American John Dewey, Italian Maria Montessori and Brazilian Paulo Freire, who approach children with the same interest, made a much more intense effort to make an immediate change in schools, Piaget’s contribution to education was much more effective.
Jean Piaget’s view that children are not empty sacks to be filled with knowledge but are effective makers of knowledge, constantly creating and testing their own unique theories, has been revered by generations of educators. Although not as famous as Freud or Skinner, his contribution to psychology was long-lasting. As computers and the Internet have given children access to ever more expansive digital worlds, Piaget’s views have become more prominent.