John Locke’s Understanding of ReligionJune 27, 2021
In the context of religion, Locke attaches special importance to emphasizing the moral dimension of Christianity and states that the moral rules found in the holy book are in full harmony with the rules discovered by the mind.
The philosopher, who also focuses on the relations between reason and belief, argues that there are truths discovered through both reason and revelation, and argues that when it comes to truths that contradict the mind, even if it is said that revelation is their source, they should not be accepted in any way.
As for truths that neither coincide nor coincide with reason, Locke argues, they constitute the essence of true religion. But Locke emphasizes that even here reason plays an indispensable role: Reason must decide whether something is revelation and examine the meanings of words expressing revelation. According to him, reason should be the ultimate judge and guide in all matters. While he said that at the core of Christianity there are few fundamental and inescapable pieces of faith, he strongly opposed conflicts between sects and stated that there is nothing to hinder religious tolerance. In this context, according to him, the duty of religion is to protect the human soul from sin, evil; The government’s duty is to protect the individual’s rights to life, liberty, and property.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook