John Locke’s View of Politics, Her Understanding of PoliticsJune 27, 2021
Locke is also an important philosopher in terms of his views in the field of political philosophy.
He is seen as the founder of liberalism, as he strongly opposed absolutism and fiercely advocated separation of powers. Locke, who was in favor of a constitutional monarchy and argued that society should be based on a contract, set out from the idea of a hypothetical state of nature in which people live together without the advantages of law or power.
Disadvantages of such a state of nature, which makes it highly justifiable for people to deliberately and willingly enter into a contract to come under the rule of law and state. The purpose of the social contract is to establish order and law, to remove the uncertainties of the state of nature, and to create institutions that will protect the rights of the individual.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook