Knowledge Rankings: What is Scientific Knowledge (Us Knowledge)?

Knowledge Rankings: What is Scientific Knowledge (Us Knowledge)?

June 26, 2021 Off By Felso

The determination of the mind during experience also produces common concepts. Such concepts are other general concepts of space and reality. Spinoza calls these common concepts and distinguishes them from universals. These “common concepts” correspond to the concepts of primary qualities which he defines clearly and distinctly.

Because they are objects of rational intuition. For Spinoza they provide the starting point of the sciences; their concepts are adequate (clear and distinct). As long as they reflect all the inclusive qualities of reality, they can be seen as reality itself. That is why they are common to all people; they are not subjective like universal concepts. Therefore, reason or science consists in meticulously revealing the essential qualities of the adjectives with which we have common concepts.

The language of this knowledge is mathematical, this feature makes it objective with common concepts. Thus, even if science is ultimately derived from sense experience in the system of knowledge, it reflects the order of things more accurately than experience can. However, this systematization is not entirely the purpose of knowledge. But it is to see objects as a whole, rather under the mode of infinity (sub specie aeternitatis). For this, intuition or intuition must come into play, and intuition is above reason.

Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook