Life and Works of Pierre Abeilard (Petrus Abelardus)June 27, 2021
Petrus Abelardus was born in Le Pallet, near the city of Nantes, France, in 1079, to a lower-class family. He soon distinguished himself with his brilliant mind. He was particularly successful in the field of logic (dialectics).
He received his education in this field in schools in Melun, Corbeil and Paris, respectively. Notre Dame and Mont St. He became a chair in Genevieve schools. He had to leave Paris because of his affair with Heloise, whom he had met and secretly married at this time. He served in different monasteries on different dates. He always had opponents and had to fight them. He was accused of heresy by Bernardus and summoned to the Council of Sens in 1141. He tried to prove the falsehood of the accusations in a letter he wrote to the Pope. This letter, which was revealed to justify his teaching, is called Apologia or Apologeticus. However, this letter did not help to acquit him and Pope II. By order of Innocentus, he was sentenced to remain silent. He died in 1142.
According to some historians of philosophy, Abelardus had the character of a knight. His letters to Heloise and his life story Historia Calamitatum Mearum (History of My Disaster) are among the rare autobiographies in the history of philosophy. Those who study Abelard evaluate his works in three groups:
• Comments he wrote on various works before 1121: Abelardus calls these works Introductiones Parvulorum (Introduction to Small Works).
• It covers logic studies, which are small studies as in the first group. Studies that explore various philosophical issues in an Abelardian style include Logica (Ingredientibus), Nostrorum Petitioni Sociorum; There are Categoriae on Porphyrios, Periermeneias.
• Dialectica, which is not an interpretation of any work, but contains his own thoughts.
His theological works include De Unitate et Trinitate Divina (About the Divine Unity and the Trinity), Theologia Christiana (Christian Theology), Sic et Non (Yes and No), and Scito Te Ipsum (Know Yourself), a treatise on moral issues. . Historia Calamitatum Mearum and Dialogus inter Judaeum, Philosophum et Christianum have an important place. There are Turkish translations of these last two works.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook