Limitation of Knowledge and Religious KnowledgeJune 27, 2021
It is obvious that human knowledge, which is the product of cognitive powers such as senses, common sense, imagination, and the abilities connected to them, and the power of reason, consists only of concepts and judgments related to the physical world. However, according to Ibn Rushd, the fact that knowledge can be real knowledge depends on the fact that it also includes the reasons for what it belongs to. If it is remembered that the cause-cause relationship existing at the physical level between the beings and the “causal chain” that emerges depending on this relationship, extends to the metaphysical realm, it becomes clear that it is necessary to turn to this area in order for human knowledge to become complete knowledge.
However, as our philosopher stated, not every person is at the same level in terms of the ability to reach real knowledge by passing the stages necessary for the formation of knowledge one by one. While some people have the ability and capacity to pass all of these stages (burhan ehli or havâs), some people only stay at the level of knowledge provided by the senses and imagination (cûmhur or hahâbet and cedel people): This difference means that some people are created by some phenomenon, It is related to the fact that they are deprived of the ability and capacity to grasp events and problems with their own efforts. In addition, the reasons such as not knowing the appropriate method to reach the right information, being under the influence of desires and prejudices, not being able to find a teacher equipped with the right information and able to convey this knowledge well, cannot be denied in this differentiation. However, according to our philosopher, this does not mean that some people will forever be deprived of information that they cannot reach with their own talents and efforts, but that they need to know, and at this point the phenomenon of “revelation” and “religion” comes into play. Religion is a divine blessing that opens new horizons for people in many subjects by giving some information that answers metaphysical, psychological, ethical and eschatological questions and problems, in the easiest and shortest way, although people at all levels should know and cannot obtain by their own means. (Sarıoğlu, 2006, 135-136)