Louis Althusser and her Philosophical InfluencesJune 27, 2021
Although Althusser’s theories were born to defend orthodox Communism, his approach to presenting Marxism reflected a different movement from the intellectual segregation of the Stalinist era, and was further important both in terms of the academic reputation gained by Marxism and the emphasis on Marx’s prestige as a thinker rather than an economist.
Althusser had far-reaching influence in the fields of Marxist and poststructuralist philosophy:
The concept of “human subject of ideology” (Interpellation) was introduced and adapted by feminist thinker and critic Judith Butler;
DIA content was of interest to Slovenian thinker Slavoj Žižek,
The attempt to observe history as a process without the subject was something that won Jacques Derrida’s sympathy,
G.A. Historical materialism was defended by Cohen as a coherent doctrine from the standpoint of analytic philosophy,
The interest in structure and organ polished by Althusser played a certain role in Anthony Giddens’s theory of structuration;
Althusser was severely criticized by the British historian E.P Thompson in his book The Poverty of Theory.
However, many of Althusser’s students became important intellectuals in the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s:
– Alain Badiou and Étienne Balibar in philosophy,
– Jacques Ranciere in the field of history and philosophy of history,
– in Pierre Macherey’s literary criticism and
– Nicos Poulantzas in sociology.
– Studied under the famous Guevarist Régis Debray de Althusser,
– Like the famous Lacanian psychoanalyst Jacques-Alain Miller.