Luce Irigaray: The Relationship Between Wisdom and DesireJune 27, 2021
Belgian philosopher and analyst Luce Irigaray is more concerned with the idea of sexual difference than anything else.
Irigaray, a former student of the famous psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan, who studies the linguistic structure of the unconscious, argues that all languages are inherently masculine by nature. In “Sex and Genealogy” (1993), he writes: “Everywhere, in everything, men’s speeches, men’s values, dreams and desires are the law.”
Irigaray’s feminist work can be seen as a struggle to find authentic feminine ways of speaking, dreaming, and desiring, freed from androcentricity.
Wisdom and desire Irigaray, while examining this problem, says that all thoughts—even the most sober-looking and objective-sounding philosophies that speak of wisdom, truth, and temperance—are supported by desires. The androcentric philosophy, which failed to recognize the desire that supported it, also failed to recognize any irrational impulses that were about to explode beneath apparent rationality. Irigaray argues that each sex has its own relationship to desire, and consequently every sex has a relationship to madness. This brings with it the questioning of a long tradition that equates masculinity with rationality and femininity with irrationality. It also opens the door to new ways of writing and thinking about philosophy for both men and women.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook