Ludwig Wittgenstein and Analytical Philosophy (Analytic Philosophy)

Ludwig Wittgenstein and Analytical Philosophy (Analytic Philosophy)

June 29, 2021 Off By Felso

Ludwig Wittgenstein (Ludvig Vitgenstein) reduces all philosophical problems to one language problem, therefore, determining the scope and boundaries of language is at the center of his philosophy. According to him, philosophy is also an effort to classify and simplify language. Language is a theory of reality that we picture in meaningful sentences.

According to Wittgenstein, language paints the world, and because it paints it represents the world. For this, propositions are descriptions of facts, pictures of facts. In other words, the equivalents of facts in language are propositions. On the other hand, propositions are the expression of thoughts. Language is also the vehicle of thoughts. Since language and reality have the same structure, the analysis of language means the analysis of reality. What cannot be expressed with language cannot be known.

Wittgenstein abandoned these views in later years and argued that the ethical, aesthetic, religious and metaphysical propositions that he had previously denied could also be meaningful.

Compiled by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Year 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and Year 3 “History of Contemporary Philosophy” (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook