Montesquieu’s Persian LettersJune 26, 2021
In 1721, he published his first major literary work, the Lettres persanes (Letters of Iran), anonymously.
While it was understood that he was the author of this work, which criticizes the European civilization from various angles and mocking the life and theories of France, especially Paris, from the mouths of two Iranians, he gained a great reputation on the one hand, and on the other hand, his religious theories, especially the Roman Catholic Church. He faced the reaction of the cardinal and conservative circles on the grounds that he had humiliated.
Realizing that he was more successful in his intellectual activity than his work in the parliament, Montesquieu settled in Paris in 1726, selling his position as chairman of the parliament to someone else. He was elected a member of the French Academy in 1728.
In the same year, he went on a trip to Europe in order to increase his knowledge and experience, traveled through Austria, all the major cities of Italy from north to south, Germany and the Netherlands, and examined the political structure and economic situation of these countries. He studied constitutional theories in England, where he went and lived for two years in 1729, frequently attended the sessions of the House of Lords and the House of Commons, studied the works of Locke, and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in London.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook