Nation-State and Globalization RelationshipJune 28, 2021
Nation-state and globalization are two important phenomena of today; The situation of these two phenomena at the end of the twentieth century and in the first decade of our century, the relationship between them, their beneficial and harmful consequences are among the most interesting subjects of political philosophy.
In this title, we will first start by looking for an answer to the question of what or what can be understood from the nation-state and globalization separately, then we will question the emergence conditions of these two phenomena and how the nation-state and globalization can be related to each other, and finally the nation-state and globalization. We will consider it in terms of political philosophy.
In order for the nation-state to emerge, we must first be able to talk about the existence of a people/human community, namely the nation, who have a common origin, speak the same language, have the same history and culture, and have a common unique way of life. Since Giambattista Vico (1668-1744), the term “national character”, which refers to the sum of the elements that give a unique identity to a people’s language, culture and collective life experience, has been seen as one of the indispensable conditions of being a nation. According to the German historical philosopher Johann Gottfried von Herder (1744-1803), an individual can develop spiritually only within a national community. In other words, the most important tool to have an idea about the identity of the individual is to analyze the character of the national society to which he belongs (Herder 2006, p. 24-25).
In today’s political terminology, nation and state are understood as concepts in the same scope and pointing to the same thing.
Globalization is one of the concepts that emerged in the last quarter of the last century and is frequently used to describe the large-scale changes of this era. Today, it can be said that globalization has almost left its mark on the intellectual climate of the age we live in and has reached a discourse power that will invalidate or even invalidate the explanations made without contacting it. According to the definition in the Philosophy Dictionary, globalization, as a part and extension of the modernization process, is the restructuring of the cultural system that emerged in a unipolar world, especially in the last quarter of the twentieth century and after the disappearance of the socialist-communist regimes in Europe, as a whole. is the name of the restructuring process (Cevizci 2005, p. 1055). But it would be incomplete to limit globalization to culture only, and more particularly to a national culture. Globalization covers the economy, multicultural social lifestyles, the impact of climate change on the world and the future of humanity, politics, ideologies, human rights, and all developments whose effects are felt around the world; it can even be said that it is the result of the spread of values that were once thought to belong to certain nations to all world societies. Betül Çotuksöken, in her work titled “Globalization and Human”, underlines the need to approach globalization with the following questions: “…What is global, what is globalizing, in which environment/framework does it take place?” What kind of phenomenon is globalization; what should it be?” (Çotuksöken 2002, p. 253-254).
Organizations such as the Olympic Games, World Football Championships, and World Athletics Championships, in which billions of people are spectators through communication technologies, can be considered as indicators of the global dimension that sports has reached.
After revealing what can be understood from globalization, we mentioned above that we will question how it relates to the nation-state and try to find an answer to the question of whether globalization has to be in opposition to the nation-state. Now we will try to understand the position of the nation-state and globalization relative to each other in terms of today’s conditions. The nation-states that make up today’s world political society, according to Habermas, “…must attempt to transcend (and) heroically construct the capacity to exercise their (individuals’) civil rights at the supranational level” (Ay, p. 32) .
These conditions, which Habermas puts, are useful and necessary for nation-states to maintain their feature of being an alternative to globalization. In this way, nation-states will not lose their existence in the globalizing world and will only be transformed according to the realities of the age; Because today, nation-states are faced with a challenge under the tension caused by multiculturalist demands within their borders and the problems brought by globalization outside their borders. Based on these, we can say that it is an important opportunity and opportunity for nation-states to continue their existence by adopting a multicultural policy understanding.
Nation-states today have to face a challenge related to the demands of multiculturalism and the problems brought about by globalization.
In this part, where we aim to understand the origins of the nation-state and globalization and the current situation, we have displayed an understanding that focuses on what is more. However, with the first unit in your Political Philosophy I book, this