Parmenides’ Object ClassificationJune 27, 2021
1. Physical Objects: These exist by themselves due to their corporeality, but their secondary qualities depend on the perceiver.
2. Ideal Objects: These do not occupy a physical space, but they have as much presence as they do. Physical objects and ideal objects have different modes of existence.
3. Mental Objects: It is someone’s imagination in me. This vision is not an object in itself, but depends on my thinking of it. When I die, my imagination dies with me. The most important feature of mental objects is that they depend on the one who perceives them. They owe their existence to my thinking of them. Their second features are closed to others. It is not objective. The physical object is open to everyone’s imagination, but the mental object is not open to anyone else’s imagination. Imaginations in this sense depend on the physical object acting on me, but their emergence depends on my perception.
4. Imaginary Objects: So, there are imaginary beings. They are the beings created by the human species in literature, art and myths over time. My mental vision is mine, but the winged horse vision is not mine. These are objects (objects) created by the human mind over many years. When we say object, we have a set with more than one element. The object is not identical to the physical object. Physical objects are subject only to our senses, perceptions, and their existence depends on their floor covering. So the concept of object is broader.
5. Religious Objects: The common feature of these five kinds of objects is their existence, and Parmenides did not make any distinction between these objects when he said that everything I think exists. So we have to admit that his conception of the object is different from ours, who have all these distinctions.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook