Philosophical Perspective on Religion, Philosophical Grounding of ReligionJune 29, 2021
While philosophy deals with religion, it displays a critical, rational and holistic view on it. In the philosophical justification of religion, it is necessary to think about the basic claims of religion in a rational, objective, comprehensive and consistent manner.
1. Philosophy should look at religion from a rational point of view. In other words, it should explain the main claims of religion based on reason.
2. Philosophy should address the issue as comprehensively as possible while justifying religion. In other words, while trying to explain the basic claims of religion, it should not take a one-sided approach and include opposing views. E.g; In addition to the theism view that says “God exists” to the problem of the existence of God, “God does not exist.” that says “atheism” or “God is unknowable.” He also included the agnostic views that said.
3. The philosophy’s view of religion must be consistent. Consistency means that an idea that is put forward is not contradictory in itself.
4. Philosophy has to be objective while grounding religion. So he shouldn’t take sides.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Year 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and Year 3 “History of Contemporary Philosophy” (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook