Philosophy Lessons: How Should We Start Philosophy? Priority Information for Introduction to PhilosophyNovember 30, 2020
In the ” philosophy lessons “, the subjects are tried to be conveyed to you, our readers, in a way superficially and in the simplest way that can be explained. Our “ philosophy lessons ” are superficial; Because philosophy is not simple enough to be described in such a snap, in a few paragraphs; simple; because it aims not to bore the readers, not to tire them, and not to drown them between various concepts.
- What Does the Word Philosophy Mean?
The word philosophy is formed by the combination of the Greek words “philo” (love) and “sophia” (wisdom). Philosophia means love of wisdom. Generally speaking, it means “loving information, chasing after information”.
- Is philosophy just “to love knowledge”?
Human beings are by nature a being that judges, questions, and discusses. For this reason, there are many subjects that people want to learn. This is what philosophers think. So, are there any differences between the people who are called “Philosopher” and if so, what are they? Of course, philosophers have differences from people in the normal thought process, and these differences are; it stems from their deep, consistent, grounded and systematized thinking.
- Is philosophy an intellectual effort to make sense of the life of human beings?
We can say “yes” to the answer to this question without doubt. Philosophers try to learn like other people. Knowledge is a “thing” that must be reached for them. Here philosophers ask questions to reach this information. Plato : “Philosophy; it is an intellectual work on the way to find the truth. ” He also emphasizes thinking and questioning.
Philosophers do not just chase information. In the light of the information they have acquired, they draw an understanding of morality, a world view and a completely lifestyle. For example, the world of ” idea ” than have occurred (idea; “thoughts and appearance of this thought,” defined as a.) A philosophy that teaches that detects a structure, all judgments concerning life also means created by him.
You, too, deal with the things around you with an inquisitive perspective and way of thinking. Try to understand what happens and why.
Do not be afraid to think and question.
Socrates : “An unquestioned life is not worth living.
The purpose of the “philosophy lessons” on our site; is to try to convey the philosophy to you without bothering you. Please give your opinion, suggestion, criticism etc. about this section. share your thoughts with us.
We would like to state that we are always open to questioning, criticism, evaluation and evaluation.
- So what do thinkers – philosophers – say about philosophy, how do they define it?
Karl Jaspers: “To philosophy is to learn to die.”
Socrates: “Philosophy is knowing what you don’t know.”
Plato: “It is an intellectual (idealist) work on the way to find the truth.”
Aristotle: “Philosophy is the science of principles or first causes.”
Epikuros: “It is a coherent operational system to ensure a happy life.”
Augustinus: “Philosophy is to know God, and true philosophy is identical to true religion.”
Anselmus: “It is trying to understand what is believed.”
Abaelardus: “It is to investigate whether what is believed is worth believing.”
A. Thomas: “The subject of God is the demonstration of God.”
Campanella: “It’s criticism.”
F. Bacon: “To think on scientific data based on experiments and observations.”
T. Hobbes: “To philosophy is to think right.”
Descartes: “Philosophy is a science and it is necessary to apply the geometric method to metaphysics, to make philosophy an exact science.”
Spinoza: “Philosophy is a generalized mathematics.”
Leibniz: “It is actually perceiving what is right. Philosophy should descend from the heavens to deal with matters conceived by the five senses. “
Locke: “It is to prove that all our thoughts come from the real world through our sensations.”
Condillac: “Philosophy is the knowledge of sensations.”
Hume: “It is to examine the nature of the human mind.”
… and finally; philosophy continues to exist in every corner of life.
In fact, philosophy is life itself.
WHAT TO KNOW TO BEGIN PHILOSOPHY
“ Curiosity is what a philosopher is most fond of because philosophy has no other beginning but this. Says the great Plato . Plato was a genius; but philosophy includes not only geniuses, but also eccentric thinkers who are thought to be geniuses by all. This is essentially something everyone does when they are not too busy with their day-to-day business or just have the opportunity to wonder what life and the universe are.
We humans are naturally investigative creatures, and we cannot help but wonder about the world around us and our place in it . And since we are endowed with a strong intellectual ability, we not only wonder, but also reason . Although we do not always realize it, when we reason, it means we think philosophically .
Philosophy is not so concerned with finding answers to fundamental questions; it is rather the process of trying to find these answers , and uses reasoning rather than accepting without questioning principal views or traditional rulings .
The earliest Greek and Chinese philosophers were thinkers who were not content with deep-rooted explanations of religion and customs, but were after logical answers. And just as we shared our views with our friends and colleagues, they discussed their own ideas with each other and even established “schools” to teach not only the conclusions they reached, but the methods to achieve those conclusions. They encourage their students to challenge and criticize ideas; In this way, they would ensure the development of those ideas or the emergence of new and different ideas.
There is a common misconception that philosophers arrive at all conclusions alone in a desolate place; however, this is in few cases. New ideas emerge from the discussion, scrutiny, analysis and criticism of other people’s ideas.
In this sense, the most prototypical example is Socrates . He left behind no written documents or even any great ideas that were the product of his thought. In fact, he was proud to say he was the smartest person, knowing that he knew nothing. Its whole legacy is that it creates a tradition of debate and debate where other people’s assumptions can be questioned in order to gain deeper insight and reveal the fundamental truths.
The writings of Plato , a student of Socrates , are in the form of dialogues in which Socrates was the protagonist almost unchanged. Many of the later philosophers also adopted the method of dialogue to present their ideas; They put forward their thoughts and results with arguments and counter arguments instead of expressing them in simple expressions. A philosopher who presents his ideas to the world is likely to encounter comments that begin with “Yes, but…” or “What if…” rather than a total acceptance.
In fact, philosophers have violently contradicted each other on almost every aspect of philosophy. For example, Plato and his student Aristotle developed completely opposite views on the fundamental philosophical questions, and with these different approaches, philosophers had more disagreements than ever before. This sparked more discussion and encouraged new and fresh ideas.
But isn’t it remarkable that these philosophical questions are still being debated and discussed? Thinkers, why can’t they give precise answers? What are these issues on which philosophers ponder their mysteries? Here let’s briefly touch on …