Philosophy Lessons: What is Philosophy in Brief?June 26, 2021
In the “philosophy lessons”, the subjects were tried to be conveyed to you, our readers, in a superficial way and in the simplest way possible. Our “philosophy lessons” are superficial; because philosophy is not so simple that it can be explained at once, in a few paragraphs; simple; because it is intended not to bore the readers, not to tire them, and not to suffocate them between various concepts.
What Does the Word Philosophy Mean?
The word philosophy comes from the Greek words “philo” (love) and “sophia” (wisdom). Philosophia means love of wisdom. In general terms, it means “loving knowledge, pursuing knowledge”.
Is philosophy just “loving knowledge”?
By nature, human beings are judgmental, questioning and debating creatures. For this reason, there are many subjects that people want to learn. This is what philosophers think about, too. So, are these so-called “philosophers” any different from normal people, and if so, what are they? Of course, philosophers have differences from humans in their normal thought process, and these differences are; it stems from their deep, coherent, grounded and systematized thinking.
Is philosophy an intellectual effort to make sense of human life?
The answer to this question can be said to be “yes” without a doubt. Philosophers, like other people, seek to learn. Knowledge is a “thing” to be attained for them. Philosophers ask questions to reach this knowledge. Plato: “Philosophy is an intellectual work on the way of finding the truth.” and then he again puts an emphasis on thinking and questioning.
Philosophers do not just seek knowledge. In the light of the knowledge they have acquired, they draw a moral understanding, worldview and a complete way of life. For example, a philosophy doctrine that perceives the world as a structure composed of “ideas” (idea can be defined as “thoughts and the appearances of these thoughts”) means that it has formed all its judgments about life accordingly.
Consider the things around you with a questioning perspective and way of thinking. Try to understand why it is the way it is.
Do not be afraid to think and question.
Socrates: “An unexamined life is not worth living.
The purpose of the “philosophy lessons” on our site; is to try to convey the philosophy to you, without boring you. Please share your opinions, suggestions, criticisms etc. about this section. share your thoughts with us.
We would like to state that we are always open to questioning, criticism, evaluation and evaluation.
So what do thinkers – philosophers – say about philosophy, how do they define philosophy?
Karl Jaspers: “To philosophize is to learn to die.”
Socrates: “Philosophy is knowing what you don’t know.”
Plato: “It is an idealistic work on the way of finding the truth.”
Aristotle: “Philosophy is the science of principles or first causes.”
Epicurus: “It is a consistent operational system for ensuring a happy life.”
Augustine: “Philosophy is knowing God, and true philosophy and true religion are identical.”
Anselmus: “Trying to understand what is believed.”
Abaelardus: “It is to investigate whether what is believed is worth believing.”
A. Thomas: “The subject of God is the demonstration of God.”
Campanella: “It’s criticism.”
F. Bacon: “It is thinking about scientific data based on experiment and observation.”
T. Hobbes: “To do philosophy is to think right.”
Descartes: “Philosophy is a science and it is necessary to apply the geometric method to metaphysics, to make philosophy an exact science.”
Spinoza: “Philosophy is generalized mathematics.”
Leibniz: “It is perceiving what is true in reality. Philosophy descends from the heavens to the earth and deals with matters that are grasped by the five senses.”
Locke: “It is to prove that all our thoughts come from the real world with our senses.”
Condillac: “Philosophy is the knowledge of the senses.”
Hume: “It is the study of the nature of the human mind.”
… and finally; philosophy continues to exist in every corner of life.
In fact, philosophy is life itself.
Source of Courses: Atatürk University, Department of Sociology, Grade 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM)