Plato’s (Plato) PhilosophyJune 27, 2021
It is possible to collect Plato’s philosophy into five important theories. These are his theories about “knowledge”, “ideas”, “immortality of the soul”, “universe” (Cosmogonie, Cosmogony – the science that studies the formation of the Universe) and “state”.
Throughout his life, Plato remained a true moralist, inspired by his teacher Socrates, and developed all these theories by examining them with ethical views. According to Socrates and Plato, the main aim of philosophy is to ensure the happiness and perfect life of human beings. A competent life can only be achieved by leading a virtuous life. The basis of virtue is “knowledge”, its essence is “the concept of ideas”, its justification is “universe”, its assurance is “immortality”, its vital shelter is “state”.
For a long period of fifty years, Plato thought about this theoretical structure, struggled with related philosophical issues, and in the meantime corrected and matured his views. Therefore, the most rational way in terms of examining Plato’s philosophy is to follow this change and development and try to understand the phases of the teaching.