Qualities of Philosophical Thought, Characteristics of Philosophical Thought

Qualities of Philosophical Thought, Characteristics of Philosophical Thought

June 26, 2021 Off By Felso

The subject of the characteristics of philosophical thought or the characteristics of philosophical thought will provide a network of knowledge that will reveal what is philosophy and what is not. In this context, knowledge is one of the primary conditions of existence in sustaining human life and is the product of thousands of years of human effort. This situation; different life layers show that there are some common features and continuity of expertise.

Although a definite classification is not possible, the qualities of the agreed upon philosophical thought that are attributed to the philosophical way of thinking can be listed as follows: questioning (problem oriented), wondering, doubting, being critical, being reflexive, cumulative progress, being rational (reason-based). ), being systematic, being consistent and being universal (Figure 1.5).

What Are the Qualities of Philosophical Thought?
Do not worry
do not doubt
don’t be amazed
Don’t be reflexive
1. Inquiry

The most important and distinctive feature of philosophical thought is that it is questioning. The first step in solving a problem in philosophy is to ask questions. Questioning; It is an effort to understand and reach the truth by asking questions systematically for a purpose. According to Socrates, the meaning and value of life begins with its questioning.

2. Don’t worry

Curiosity is a state of mind that leads people to new pursuits. Wonder; It is the will to know, which is at the base of science and philosophy, which activates the mind. The curious person tries to question and reach the truth thanks to this curiosity. Curiosity in philosophy can also be understood as wanting to know life and trying to understand it.

3. Do not doubt

Philosophical doubt opens the door to new questions and allows to develop a different view of the world. Blind acceptance of an idea is an unphilosophical attitude. The philosophical attitude is that knowledge is not considered true unless it has been subjected to mental inspection and made logical. Therefore, the first step is to doubt. Philosophical doubt has a definite purpose and system, it is not random.

Doubt is one of the characteristics of philosophical thought.
4. Don’t be amazed

In philosophy, astonishment means much more than astonishment. The philosopher does not accept the world as usual. The world doesn’t come as a surprise to most people, driven by habits and preconceptions. Accepting things as they are does not seem to be a problem, but for the philosopher this is not the case. A philosopher is a person who can surprise him as if he is seeing everything for the first time. Philosophy is thus distinguished from ordinary thoughts. The first step to looking at the world with a new eye is to be amazed. The astonished person becomes curious and begins to investigate.

5. Cumulative progress

Philosophers have given different answers to similar questions since the first age of philosophy. Being cumulative means that philosophical thought has a quality that affects each other and progresses with this interaction. This progress is not a quantitative accumulation as in science. philosophical thought; It has provided the formation and increase of knowledge in science, art and many other fields. Philosophers who influenced each other contributed to the common knowledge.

6. Being critical

Being critical is taking a thought or view through a mental filter instead of accepting it as it is. critical thinking; It is a way of thinking built through the processes of reasoning, analysis and evaluation. While dealing with a problem, subjecting it to some tests, breaking the whole into parts, evaluating it by revealing its good and bad sides can be expressed as the basic elements of being critical.

7. Be reflexive

While the thought can be directed to any object or situation, the thought is directed to itself (self-talk) or to another thought. Thinking about a tree is not reflection. However, perception of the tree and thinking about what the idea of ​​a tree is is reflection. In addition, reflections on existing knowledge, art and opinion can also be characterized as reflexive.

Being reflexive means thinking over what is thought.
8. Being rational

To be rational means to be rational or rational. Philosophy is a mental pursuit in terms of subject and method. Being rational means that philosophy is not only a mental activity, but also conforms to the principles of reason and the rules of reasoning.

9. Being systematic

Philosophical thought has a coherent structure that is ordered. The philosopher, who explains his thoughts within this structure, builds his own system and creates an explanation model for his thoughts. The ideas in this model are incremental and interconnected. This bond also forms the basis of a holistic view.

10. Being Consistent

Consistency in philosophical thought means that the stages of thought do not contradict each other by containing contradictory thoughts, that is, they are appropriate. Since it is not possible to prove every philosophical thought in a factual sense, the evaluation to be made will be more about the internal consistency of philosophical thought. a sky