Relationship between Existence and Reason

Relationship between Existence and Reason

July 1, 2021 Off By Felso

The judgments that characterize the human existence as pitiful stem from an ancient myth that Platonism spreads over a wide area of ​​acceptance. This is the myth of his fall from the intelligible world to the world of the senses, that is, from the world of essences to the world of existences.

Montaigne, who is indifferent and neutral towards the concepts of fall and sin, embraces existence “because it is bestowed upon him. For Leibniz, all existence is the opposite of fall; it is the choice of the possible versus the real. Leibniz, who strongly emphasizes that existence is better, in his Theodicee himself This work argues that our Earth is the “best of all possible” as it exists: since it was created by God, it is superior to all other “possible” worlds that are a candidate for existence.

Thus, rather than worrying about the meaning of existence, it would be more appropriate to posit the principle that everything is for the better (enough reason) in the best of possible worlds; It is much better to exist in a world where there is much to be done, than in a world where in reality there is nothing more positive than our world, where there is all the bad. As a matter of fact, according to Leibniz, this is the point of view of the mind, which has been liberated from the “blind-glasses of subjectivity”.

By not holding God responsible for our unhappiness and thus relativizing the concept of good, Leibniz accuses human beings who do not see the value of their freedom and do not know how to use their minds for the existence of evils, and on the other hand, states that only a doctrine based on reason can really be considered as a philosophy of existence.