Relationship between Existentialism and OntologyJuly 1, 2021
On a conflict that turned into an irreconcilable contradiction between existence and knowledge, existentialism offered many different approaches, from Catholicism (Pascal) to Protestantism (Kierkegaard) to atheism (Sartre).
Existential thinkers differ from the philosophical tradition not only by discovering the uniqueness of human existence, but also by basing the tragic image of the human condition on the sense of existence.
The originality of the idea of existence in Heidegger’s works sometimes approaches a radical nihilism and an absolute mysticism, with the frequent emphasis of the omnipresent presence of death. In fact, Heidegger very resolutely replaces the “problem of being” with the usual problems of existence. From that moment on, existence takes on an artificial and coercive guise from the point of view of “being”, and this artificiality undermines the dignity of all thought. Existence is irreparable at the heart of Dasein (the key word of Heidegger’s thought; “being there” means “being”, man’s existence). raises a concern. There is no remedy for the oblivion of existence. In his writing, which is poetic rather than demonstrative, Heidegger brings together terms such as the artificiality of existence, the feeling of abandonment, abandonment, depression, giving them absolute meaning.
The idea of being is essential in terms of existence, but on the other hand, it can never be taken as a transcendent thought, and with this quality, it creates doubt and casts a shadow on authentic existence. Deeply tied to the tragic of existence, Heideggerian discourse seems to be trying to find the bottom of the pit of an endless truth. Thrown beyond Existence, exiled out of Being among the “things”, human beings are indebted to Being in such a way that they can never be freed, no matter what anyone says. Because he will never know anything about this being who is everything.
The insoluble paradox of this theory of being (ontology) is that it is an ontology of nothingness. The Heideggerian concern of being is a crisis of “what is”, discovering that it is nothing in the face of nothing that is everything. Such an idea of existence, often presented as if it were a play on words, represents the extremes of nihilism in a carefully developed literary style.