Rene Descartes’ Understanding of DualismJune 28, 2021
The understanding of being of the French philosopher Rene Descartes (Rene Descartes) is a synthesis of the philosophers who argue that the real existence is the idea and the views that argue that the substance is matter.
According to Descartes, there are two essentially different substances. He divides them into two as the creator and the created. The Creator is God, who exists by himself and does not need any other being. Descartes also calls it infinite substance. The created substance is spirit and matter. Spirit is thinking matter, space-occupying substance. Matter occupies space but cannot think, whereas spirit thinks but cannot occupy space. He calls them finite substance. The created substances cannot come into existence on their own, they are beings that need God to come into existence.
Spinoza (1692-1677), who adopted his thoughts after Descartes, opposed the understanding of two substances and tried to solve the problem of the relationship between spirit and matter. According to him, there is only one substance and that is God, that is, nature. Spinoza was accepted as a monist because he adopted the concept of one substance.
Compiled by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Grade 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and Grade 3 “History of Contemporary Philosophy” (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook