Rudolf Carnap: What is Logical Language?June 27, 2021
One of the problems of 20th century philosophy is to assign a role to philosophy in the face of the success of natural sciences.
This is one of the basic ideas of the German-born Rudolf Carnap’s book “Physical Language as the Universal Language of Science” (1934), which argues that the real function of philosophy and its main contribution to science is logical analysis and the clarification of scientific concepts. Carnap argues that philosophical problems, many of which are very deep, are meaningless like metaphysical problems because they cannot be proven or disproved by experience. In fact, he adds, we also have fabrication problems caused by logical confusion in the way we use language.
Logical positivism accepts only empirically proven logical propositions as true. According to Carnap, therefore, the real task of philosophy (to be more precise, to discover and eliminate nonsense questions) is to make a logical analysis of language and to find ways to talk about the sciences openly, clearly, and clearly.
Some philosophers, such as Willard Quine and Karl Popper, argue that Carnap’s standards for what can be called meaningful are too rigid and that the workings of science are idealized in a way that has no practical counterpart. Still, it’s really important for Carnap to remind us that language can deceive us by making us see problems that aren’t really there.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook