Sartre: What is the Enlightened Attitude?June 27, 2021
Sartre has always stood in a very special position as an intellectual or an intellectual, and he has always been instrumental in conducting discussions on this intellectual position.
The intellectual stance, which he both advocated and applied, keeps Sartre in a special position among intellectuals. So much so that Sartre was able to exhibit many political attitudes that required close commitments, while being in a completely libertarian and independent position, without hesitation or contradictions, and he was able to show an almost active stance on all the problems of his time.
In this respect, it would not be wrong to refer to Sartre as the “witness and conscience of his age”. What makes Sartre Sartre is not only the competence of his philosophical studies and the attractiveness of his specific existential theory, but also his active intellectual attitude. At this point, Sartre has combined the qualities of theory and action man.
In the sense that Sartre understands and defends, the quality that makes the intellectual, whether in the field of action or at the writing desk, is his attitude that does not turn his back on the world of his time, does not avoid the realities and contradictions of this period, on the contrary, forms and determines his attitude and action based on these realities and dilemmas.
In this sense, Sartre’s whole life direction is the confirmation of this view. Therefore, Sarte’s intellectual attitude and personality confirm the words of Dostoyevsky, who is accepted as the competent representative of existentialism in literature; “Every person is responsible for everything before everybody else”. This statement is like a good explanation of the intellectual’s attitude in the sense that Sartre understands and exemplifies.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook