Scientific Status of the Theory of EvolutionJune 26, 2021
One of the issues frequently brought up in discussions is the scientific status of the theory of evolution.
This issue is frequently brought up in the context of education, religion, philosophy, science and politics. This issue mostly comes to the fore in the United States under the leadership of Christian communities and lobbies. But in other countries it is also brought up by proponents of creationist views trying to reach out to education and politics. Despite the irrefutable evidence supporting the theory of evolution and an almost absolute scientific consensus, the so-called creationist circles try to present it as if there are two poles in the scientific world. Creationist circles in the United States oppose the teaching of the Theory of Evolution in science classes in schools, claiming that it is largely unsupported by the society. In this regard, scientific professional institutions representing hundreds of thousands of scientists in the United States and 72 Nobel prize winners have published statements supporting the Theory of Evolution. In addition, in the lawsuits filed, the theory of evolution was accepted as a scientifically accepted theory and it was decided to continue teaching it in schools.
Most of the scientific community agrees that the only theory that explains phenomena in biology, paleontology, anthropology, and other disciplines is the Theory of Evolution. According to the results of a study conducted in 1987, it was revealed that approximately 99.85% of the 500,000 scientists in the field of natural sciences in the USA supported the theory of evolution. Brian Alters, who is an expert in the evolution-creation debate, stated that 99.9% of all scientists working in the fields of natural sciences support the Theory of Evolution. Similarly, scientific circles in different countries of the world have repeatedly published statements stating that the Theory of Evolution is scientific. A study conducted among scientists in the USA in 1987 showed that only 700 scientists out of 480,000 scientists gave credit to creationist and similar explanations or were skeptical of the Theory of Evolution. And only a small portion of these 700 (0.158%) scientists do academic work in the field of natural sciences. Similar comparisons made in recent years have shown that the rate of scientists who reject or doubt the Theory of Evolution is around 0.054%. 75.1% of those who oppose work in fields other than biology.
The Steve Project, initiated by the American National Academy of Sciences to refute the creationists’ claims on scientific consensus, is a good example in this regard. The purpose of this project is to find out how many of the scientists whose names are just Steve support the Theory of Evolution. The resulting list (Steve-o-meter) ranks scientists mostly working in biology and shows that creationists of all kinds are more numerous than the list published by intelligent designers (Neo-Creationist). Scientific issues should not be discussed on the basis of whose list is longer, of course, but in the world It should be considered as a good and entertaining example in terms of showing that there is no contradiction in the world of science, on the contrary, there is a very strong consensus.