Scientific Studies and Works of Zakir MammadovJune 28, 2021
Until Zakir Mammadov’s research, they thought in Azerbaijan, professional philosophers did not live in the East, with the exception of Ebu’l-Hasan Behmenyar, who has little material from his creativity. Zakir Mammadov carried out scientific research for nearly forty years, wrote and created in Eastern languages, revealed the rich heritage of Azerbaijani philosophers and thinkers, which were published in various countries of the world, as well as in manuscript painting, their philosophy (theory of existence and cognition), logic, socio-political and ethical views. worked and prepared. He proved that in the Middle Ages there was scientific philosophy together with religious-philosophy in the East and also in Azerbaijan. The scholar has stated that one of the three important scientific-philosophical teachings – the Turkish philosopher Ebunesr Farabi (873-950), the Eastern peripateticism, the other two – pantheism and israkili was founded by the Azerbaijani philosophers Aynalkuzat Miyaneci (1099-1131) and Shihabeddin Yahya Sühreverdi (1154-1191). .
The teachings of the powerful Azerbaijani philosophers have been translated into the philosophical school and have been an example for talented philosophers for centuries in all Muslim Eastern countries. Their ideas were then limited to the Islamic world and spread to European countries. In short, the history of world philosophy in the Middle Ages (in a 1000-year period) was not in a state from a scientific-philosophical point of view thanks to the philosophers of the East, especially Azerbaijan. All this Zakir Mammadov has stated in more than 30 books (printed and unpublished) and 250 articles.
All the works of Zakir Mammadov were based on the first sources, so he made great efforts to bring these works to Azerbaijan. Until his researches, two small volume tracts of Ebu’l-Hasan Bahmanyar named “The subject of metaphysics” and “levels of existence” were known. The researcher revealed the existence of the large-volume “Education” (“Collection”) work of the philosopher, and drew the “Education” work in Azerbaijan to full research for the first time.
Zakir Mammadov not only studied the cultural heritage of Azerbaijani philosophers, but also worked for their recognition by the scientific public. With the initiative of Bilgi, the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences Registrar’s Office adopted a decision on April 2, 1991 on the 800-year anniversary of the death of Shihabeddin Yahya Sühreverdi, the founder of the doctrine of Illumination. According to this decision, the anniversary of the enlightened philosopher was celebrated on 25 December 1991 at the Institute of Philosophy and Law (now the Institute of Philosophy, Sociology and Law).
With the initiative of Zakir Mammadov, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences Presidency Board and Council of Ministers took decisions to spend the 1000-year jubilee of the birth of Abu’l-Hasan Behmenyar in 1993. On this occasion, three scientific sessions were held at the Institute of Philosophy and Law, and conferences were held at many universities. With the initiative of Zakir Mammadov, in 1998, the decision was taken by the Azerbaijan EA Board of Directors on the 800th anniversary of the birth of Siracettin Urməvi. He prepared articles about the 800-year jubilee of the birth of Siracettin Urmevi and Afzelettin Hunec, and the 900th anniversary of the birth of Aynelküzat Miyaneji in 1999, and published them in magazines and newspapers.
Zakir Mammadov has been a party to a number of scientific sessions and conferences in the cities of Baku, Tashkent], Samarkand, Fergana and Dushanbe. He reported on the jubilee of science and culture corpus – Farabi, Ibn Sina, Nizami, Nesimi, Abbaskulu Agha Bakihanov, Mirza Fetali Akhundov, Imam Buhari and Ahmed Fergani. He was elected a member of the State Jubilee Commission, which passed the 800-year jubilee of Nasiruddin Tusi.
Philosophical thought in Azerbaijan in the XI-XIII centuries. (1978)
Behmenyar’s philosophy. (1983)
History of Azerbaijani philosophy. (1994)
Nizami Ganjavi’s philosophical thoughts. (2000)
Şihabeddin Yahya Sühreverdi (his life, creativity and perspective). (2009)