Social InstitutionsJuly 2, 2021
Social institution is social behavior patterns that are constantly repeated, approved, maintained by social norms, reflecting the established aspects of society and socially organized (Abercrombie et al.2006:200,361; Marshall, 1999:438).
These patterns contain a set of ideas about how to achieve goals that are considered important in a society. To define it in another way, a social institution is a relatively continuous set of rules that are deemed necessary for the protection of the structure and basic values of the society (Özkalp, 2007:13). Institutionalization is the process by which social practices become regular and continuous enough to become an institution (Johnson, 2000: 157).
The family, religion, economy, education, health and political institutions are at the center of most societies, albeit in different forms. It is important to distinguish institutions from their concrete appearances. For example, a government political institution or a single family is not equivalent to the family institution in general. A family is influenced by the way society shapes the family as an institution, but in daily life it may not display some of the structural features of the family institution in that society. Like many aspects of social life, social institutions are external to the individuals who participate in these institutions, but this participation also shapes the institution itself (Johnson 2000: 157).
The social institution should not be confused with the narrow concept of institution. For example, hospital is an institution, Capa Medical Faculty Hospital is also an institution. Health centers or dispensaries are also institutions. The whole of health-related institutions constitutes the health institution, which is a social institution.
Social institutions are born to meet certain needs. These needs determine the goals of institutions. The question “What do institutions do to people who participate in group life?” is important in terms of determining the duties of institutions.
In fact, the object, purpose, and goal of an institution are the same as those of the group. For example, economic, religious and political groups exist to achieve economic, religious and political goals. Therefore, the main function of the social group is to create its own social institutions. It is possible to divide the functions of social institutions into two as positive and negative.