Social Thought and Social Utopias in the RenaissanceJune 28, 2021
In the Renaissance period, an intense search for what kind of social order people should live draws attention. The theological structure of the Middle Ages, which limited individual freedoms, made people unable to breathe.
The fact that worldly wealth was concentrated in the hands of a handful of feudal aristocrats, that many people lived in the form of semi-slaves dependent on their lands, and that they could not get paid for their labor, was increasing social unrest day by day. In such an environment, people’s quest for rights, individual freedom, social justice and equality came to light. This period was also a period of intense social struggles. Some enlightened writers and well-meaning aristocrats also provided theoretical support to the search for a free and just society. As a result, studies proposing utopian social orders emerged. In this section, the most well-known of these will be discussed.
Utopists and their Utopias
– Thomas More and his Utopia
– The Land of the Sun utopia by Tommaso Campanella
– Francis Bacon and the New Atlantis utopia
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook