Socrates and her Moral PhilosophyJune 28, 2021
According to him, the purpose of human actions is happiness.
All kinds of values and actions that will bring this happiness to people fall within the scope of “virtue”. So virtue is knowledge. Virtue is knowledge that emerges through self-knowledge, that makes life better and makes us happy. That’s why Socrates said the word “know thyself”. Unless a person knows himself, he cannot know what is good and bad for himself. In other words, no one commits evil intentionally, the cause of evil is lack of knowledge.
One cannot act according to the situation, so there is no such thing as a “situational moral”. Even though people and situations have changed, values and laws do not change because values and laws are independent of people.
Compiled by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Grade 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and Grade 3 “History of Contemporary Philosophy” (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook