Speech theory as a theory of meaningJune 27, 2021
Action theory, according to some theorists except Austin, is not only a theory of linguistic actions, but also a theory of meaning in a sentence.
Speech-action theory demanded enrichment of the definition of the concept of meaning. The interpretation of the concept of meaning may not occur as a reconstructing of the conditions of reality, like the guiding language philosophy of logic. Linguistic expressions require criticism of their true value in projecting the value of views such as success or failure.
Speeches are complex actions of elements that are hierarchically ordered one after the other. This sequence examines speech-action theory and shows how one is influenced by doing something, saying something, explaining something. The meaning of an expression in a sentence belongs to the elements of meaning when it comes to a question or a prohibition.
1) Where is the station?
2) Smoking is prohibited here!
In this case, it can be said that an expression has a certain “acting role” or “acting”. The speaker performs the illocutionary act with expressions in which the act is the role or the act. The illocutionary role of an expression is understood from the illocutionary signs mentioned. The signs of the idiom are as follows:
Place in sentence: Peter smokes? Does Peter smoke?
Conditional preposition (Modalpartikeln): Can you shut up? Can you shut up a little?
* Practicing verbs: I ask you to help me, I suggest you accept the job.
Intonation: Are you from Brunswik? The place of a phrase clause in a sentence with ever-increasing intonation.
illocutionary style; question.