Teleological Proof, Design Argument, Teleological, Objective Evidence of God’s ExistenceJune 29, 2021
The frequently used argument for God’s existence is the teleological argument, sometimes called the “design argument.” It means the evidence that reasoning the end from the result. For example, trying to prove the existence of God by looking at the order in nature from the argument that every order requires an organizer is a teleological proof.
This argument states that when we look around in the natural world, we will inevitably see that everything is fit for the function it performs: it carries with it evidence that everything was designed.
So this must be showing us the existence of a Creator. For example, if we examine the human eye, we see that all of its smallest parts fit together, and each part is cleverly placed in accordance with the purpose of vision for which it was made.
According to supporters of the Design Argument such as William Paley (1743-1805), the complexity and efficiency of natural objects such as the eye should be proof that all these objects were designed by God. How else would they exist as they already exist? Thus, according to them, we should be able to say that when we look at a clock, we can say that it was designed by a watchmaker, just as we look at the “eye”, we should be able to say that it was designed by some kind of Divine Watchmaker. So much so that God deliberately and willingly left the evidence of his existence to the world.
This is an argument that sets out the cause from the effect: trying to tell the cause (a watchmaker or a Divine Watchmaker) that brought it into being by looking at the effect (the clock or the eye) and starting from its study. The argument in question relies on the idea that a designed object such as a watch and a natural object such as an eye have many similarities. An argument of this kind is an analogical argument based on the similarity of two things. Analogical arguments are based on the principle that two things that are alike in some ways will also be alike in other ways.
For those who accept the Design Argument, we can see further affirmations of God’s existence wherever we look, especially in the natural world—trees, cliffs, animals, stars, or whatever we look at. Since these things (objects of nature) are much more ingenious than a watch, the Divine Watchmaker must accordingly be much more intelligent than a regular watchmaker. The divine watchmaker is so powerful and intelligent that it is not inexplicable to assume that he is God in the traditional understanding of the Theists.
We can also call this evidence the evidence of order and purpose. It is a proof that the existence, regularity and purposefulness of natural events require a creator.
When we look at the whole universe, it is possible to observe that there is no room for coincidence in any way. The whole universe stands on certain systems. Naturally, every being has a purpose. That’s why this proof is called teleological proof, that is, teleological proof. There must be an intelligence that creates all these beings according to their purpose. According to this evidence, it is inevitable to accept the existence of this intelligence.
As with the cosmological proof, the teleological proof has its origins in ancient Greece. In fact, in many parts of the Bible, it is stated that God holds such an order. Both Plato and Aristotle have always looked for an initiating reason behind this order by looking at the order of the sky. Until the Middle Ages, thinkers have always seen this order as a proof for a creator in a certain way. For example, while the expressions “Lord of the heavens and the earth” are always mentioned in the Psalms, at the same time, the reality of a God of order, knowing and calculating the “numbers of the stars” is seen.
Similar statements are found not only in the Psalms, but also in other parts of the Bible. This evidence was put forward in the Middle Ages, when the “Five Paths” listed by Thomas Aquinas for the existence of God were explained. It later became quite popular in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. It was developed especially by the English theologian William Paley (1743-1805). In the twentieth century, Richard Taylor, F.R. It was advocated by Tennant and Richard Swinburne.
Discussions involving order and purpose in the Islamic faith generally followed two paths. One of them is the proof of the existence of God due to the magnificent order in the universe and the other is the explanation of the order and purpose in the universe based on God’s attributes. Famous Islamic thinkers such as Farabi, Avicenna, Ghazali and Ibn Rushd brought the word to the structure of the universe while talking about God’s justice, generosity and beauty. Some, like Ghazali, used these two ways intertwined.
To summarize the teleological proof simply:
There are many examples that show a truly magnificent order in nature.
Such a magnificent arrangement requires a truly magnificent intelligence.
Therefore, the existence of nature is most likely due to the existence of a magnificent intelligence.