The Ascension Period of Scholastic PhilosophyDecember 23, 2019
From the 12th century onwards, important works of Arab philosophy began to be translated and read in the West. Aristotleism thus became the dynamics of the ascension period of scholastics. Islamic philosophy developed during the Western cultural decline, and it was able to possess the texts of the major philosophers of ancient philosophy.
Ibn Sina played an important role especially in the inclusion of Aristotle philosophy in the Arab world. The universals are one of the most important thinkers on the problem and these ideas will be effective in the ascension period scholastics.
Aristotle’s texts, like other Islamic philosophers, will be carried to the West through his works.
Another Aristotelian Islamic philosopher is Ibn Rushd. He interpreted Aristotle’s works and provided explanations. He tried to establish a relationship between faith and reason and tried to evaluate faith as another form of reasoning.
The translation and interpretation of Jewish philosophy and Jewish philosophers in this period was another source that had influenced the rise of scholastic philosophy in the West. Moses Maimenides is the most influential of these philosophers. He was also an Aristotelian, and he produced ideas to combine religion and philosophy with faith and reason. The rise of scholasticism, which was fed by both sources (Jewish and Islamic philosophies), made Aristotle’s philosophy the mainstay.
The study of philosophy of scholastics in this period is aimed at establishing an information system that covers all fields of knowledge. The Italian mystic philosopher Bonaventura makes this attempt with his efforts to reconcile Augutinus and Aristotle. It can be said that he also used some kind of ontological evidence. Knowledge is the state of being united in what is known, which is the main direction of all kinds of mysticism.
In Bonaventura he constructs a metaphysics in this direction. The most important philosopher of the Middle Ages and scholastics is called Albertus Magnus. Aristotle compiled and collected Arabic and Jewish interpretations of his philosophy and played an important role in their recognition and understanding.
He is a scholastic thinker who is very interested in natural sciences. Aristotle revealed a systematic structure from philosophy.
Thomas of Aquino is a student of Albertus Magnus and is considered the greatest philosopher of the entire scholastic era. The doctrine was accepted as the official philosophy of the Catholic church. According to Thomas, religious truths and philosophical truths, that is, the truths of faith and reason, are the truths of two different kinds of knowledge. Thus, instead of proposing mak believing to understand Thomas, Thomas replaced bilmek knowing to believe ”. This means that the highest enlightenment and explanation can be achieved through information. The way to enter the temple of faith is knowledge, and philosophy is the activity that will illuminate it. For Thomas, too, knowing God is the highest ideal of knowledge, and as the mind moves to reach this high point, it has to accept certain secrets as it is. Thomas developed a more flexible attitude towards realism.