The Concept of Religion and Miracle, The Place of Miracles in ReligionsJune 29, 2021
Miracle concept can be considered as a special act of God at a certain time and in a certain situation.
However, this behavior should be a process that is outside the natural process. Although this behavior is perceived as a behavior that occurs outside the system, in fact, if God is the beginning and the end of everything and everything originates from him, then it would not be a very reasonable definition to say inside and outside the system. At the very least, we can define it as the unorthodox act of God.
We know that theists generally believe that God rarely works miracles. In the Christian tradition, the Resurrection, the blessing of the five loaves and the two fish, the feeding of five thousand, the resurrection of Lazarus after death, etc. It is one of the miracles created by God. These are all alleged miracles by the hand of Jesus; but Christianity and other religions claim that miracles continue to occur.
Another thing to consider here is whether the claim that miracles have occurred provides sufficient evidence to believe in God’s existence. Miracle can be defined as a kind of divine intervention in the events that continue in their normal course by breaking down an established law of nature. By natural law is meant generalizations about the behavior of certain things: for example, weights released from above fall to the ground, no one can come back to life after death, etc. Such laws of nature are based on a large number of observations.
Miracles must be distinguished from the very beginning from purely extraordinary occurrences. Accordingly, a person may attempt to commit suicide by jumping off a high bridge, and such an unusual combination of factors, such as wind conditions or the parachute effect of the person’s clothing, may – as before – ensure the suicidal person’s survival. It is not a miracle in the sense we use the word here, although this is an event that is exceedingly unusual and could perhaps be described as a “miracle” by a newspaper. A satisfactory scientific explanation can be given for how this person who committed suicide survived. This event is simply an extraordinary event, not a miracle, as no natural laws were violated and no divine intervention as far as we know. But if the jumper had mysteriously bounced off the ground and landed on the bridge again, then it would undoubtedly have been a miracle.
Many religions claim that God works miracles and that narratives of these miracles should be accepted as confirmation of God’s existence. However, there are strong arguments against such a belief in God based on the miracles described.
According to Davit Hume’s definition in his article on miracles, miracles are generally considered as any supernatural. In this general expression, however, the movement of God is still described as a uniform movement. This kind of special attitude can actually spread to a wider base.
David Hume, in Chapter X of An Inquiry into Human Understanding, says that a rational person should never believe in a miracle narrative unless a miracle occurs greater than the illusion of the narrator. It is less likely that this will happen, that is, that the narrator of the miracle admits that he was wrong. In this case, we should always choose to believe in the less miraculous as a method. Hume is deliberately playing here with the meaning of ‘miracle’. A miracle is literally God’s supposed violation of a natural law. But when Hume says that whatever is less miraculous must be believed, he uses the word “miracle” in its colloquial sense, that is, simply as something ordinary and out of the ordinary. Consider that no sufficiently reliable miracle narrative based on belief in God exists at all, although Hume said in principle that miracles can happen. He used a number of strong arguments to support this view.
Hume first of all examines the evidence holding any natural law. For something to be considered a law of nature—for example, that no one can be resurrected after death—there must be as much evidence as possible confirming it.
A wise man always bases his beliefs on available evidence. And in the case of any miracle narrative, there is more evidence that it did not occur than there is evidence that it did occur. This is precisely the result of miracles involving the breaking of established laws of nature. Therefore, a wise person based on this argument must always be extraordinarily reluctant to believe a narrative that a miracle has occurred. It is logically possible for someone to be resurrected after death, but there is a great deal of evidence to support that this was never the case.