The Life and Works of Charles Sanders PeirceJune 26, 2021
American philosopher, scientist. He introduced the principle of pragmatism.
He was born on September 10, 1839 in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He died on April 19, 1914 in Milford, Pennsylvania. He is the son of Benjamin Peirce, one of the leading mathematicians in the USA. With the help of his father, a professor of mathematics and astronomy at Harvard, he developed a keen interest in natural sciences and mathematics at an early age. He graduated from Harvard University in 1859.
In 1861, he began working at the U.S. Coastal and Geodetic Survey. After 1866 he published works on logic and philosophy. In 1869 he did research on astronomy at Harvard. In 1879, he became a faculty member at the newly founded Johns Hopkins University to teach logic. In 1887, he resigned from his duties and devoted all his time to the study of philosophy.
Peirce has important studies on logic, epistemology, metaphysics, scientific method and meaning. The novelty and originality of his thoughts explains his lack of significant influence. Although initially attached to Kant, he later criticized positivists such as Comte and Pearson, while expressing his affinities with Husserl in certain areas. In the field of quantification logic, it is understood that some of the findings of Frege, the founder of this logic, were developed independently by Peirce.
Works: The Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce, (d.s.), 1931-1958, (“Collection of C.S. Peirce”).
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook