The Life and Works of Francisco Suarez

The Life and Works of Francisco Suarez

June 27, 2021 Off By Felso

Francisco Suarez (pronounced Francis Suarez) is a philosopher who is not included in many of the Medieval History of Philosophy books. This is because the division of philosophy is only done chronologically. However, philosophy is an ongoing (philosophia perennis) form of activity, and a reading of the history of philosophy with clear distinctions, as historians do, will not always produce successful results.

Francisco Suarez, one of the most striking names on this subject, lived a life that coincided with the period when Descartes (31 March 1596-11 February 1650) lived. Most likely, Suarez met Descartes in La sheche. However, he is still a medieval philosopher. He is introduced as the most important representative of Renaissance Scholasticism in some philosophy history books. From this point of view, it should be stated that the Renaissance basically carried a very important scholastic weight in it, and serious medieval philosophy readings are needed to understand that period.

Francisco Suarez was born on January 5, 1548 in Granada, Spain. He joined the Jesuits on 16 June 1564 and studied philosophy and theology between 1565 and 1570 in the city of Salamanca. He began teaching in 1572, and went to Avila and Segovia (1571), Valladolid (1576), Rome (Gregorianum) (1580-1585), Alcala (1582-1592), Salamanca (1592-1597) and Coimbra (1597-1616). He taught philosophy and theology in . Francisco Suarez, who could not spare as much time as he wanted to lecture because of his writings, died on September 25, 1617 in Lisbon, the capital of Portugal.

Granada is a city located in the Andalusia region. It was remarkable that Muslims, Jews and Christians lived together and had cultural activities in the city, which was under Muslim rule since the beginning of the 8th century. The city, which was also known as Gırnata at that time, passed under the administration of Spain in 1492 as it is known.

The Jesuits are one of the most influential sects of the Christian religion. It was founded on August 15, 1534 by Ignatius Loyola. Jesuits working under the Pope are at the forefront with the schools and hospitals they opened or supported, especially in the field of education and health, as well as their religious activities.

Francisco Suarez’s works are works that have deeply influenced many philosophers after him. For example, Schopenhauer called one of Suarez’s works, and perhaps the most important, “Disputationes Metaphysicae” (a true introduction to Scholasticism). In addition, Leibniz also says that this book is easily readable, for which most people read novels (MAURER, 356). It is thought to have been written in 1597. It was later published by the Portuguese Jesuits. His works titled De Deo Incarnato (About the Reincarnation of Jesus) written in 1590 and De Defensio Fidei (About the Defense of Faith) in 1617 are also worth mentioning.

Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook