The Life and Works of George Edward MooreJune 27, 2021
George Edward Moore was born in a suburb of London in 1873, the son of a doctor. He studied at Dullwich College and, from 1892, at Trinity College, Cambridge. In 1898, he received the title of Fellow at Tirinity College.
At the end of his first year at Cambridge, he met Bertrand Russell, who was two grades ahead of him. Russell encouraged him to study philosophy. Moore continued his academic studies as professor of philosophy of mind and logic at Cambridge University from 1925 to 1939. Moore is a leading advocate of common sense philosophy. He defended the anti-naturalistic approach in the field of moral philosophy. He introduced a paradox named after him. During his lifetime, he was very influential in the philosophy community. He was the editor of Mind magazine. He was president of the Aristotelian Society in 1918 and 1919. He passed away in 1958.
Along with Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell, and Ludwig Wittgenstein, he is among the founders of the analytic philosophy tradition. It has been extremely effective and decisive in the process of eliminating the influence of idealist approaches in English philosophy. He developed a very clear and encompassing written language. He complained that philosophy in general was not progressive enough when compared to the sciences.
His most influential works are his book titled Principia Ethica, in which he expresses his views on moral philosophy, and his articles titled “The Refutation of Idealism”, “A Defense of Common Sense” and “A Proof of the External World”.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook