The Life and Works of Martin Heidegger

The Life and Works of Martin Heidegger

June 27, 2021 Off By Felso

Martin Heidegger was born in a village called Meßkirch in Baden, Germany. His father, St. Martin was a janitor at the Catholic church. He completed his secondary education in a boarding school in Konstanz on a scholarship.

He began studying theology at the University of Freiburg, but gradually broke away from the Catholic faith. While talking about this period, Heidegger states that he was influenced by the works of the theologian Carl Braig’s Ontological Studies on Being (1896) and Franz Brentano’s On the Many Meanings of Being in Aristotle (1862). He wrote his doctoral dissertation titled The Doctrine of Category and Meaning in Duns Scotus under the direction of the neo-Kantian thinker Heinrich Rickert. When Edmund Husserl came to the University of Freiburg in 1916, Heidegger became his assistant and a close relationship was established between them. In 1923, Heidegger was invited to lecture by the University of Marburg as a permanent professor. He was promoted to associate professor with the publication of Being and Time in 1927. After Husserl’s retirement in 1929, he was appointed to his chair as a professor. In 1933, when Nazism came to power, Heidegger also became a member of the National Socialist Party.

Shortly after, he was elected rector of the University of Freiburg and played an important role in the naziization of the university. Heidegger must have thought that he could give Nazism a philosophical or intellectual direction. His resignation from the post of rector in 1934 and then his distance from politics shows his disappointment. While he thought he could use Nazism for his philosophical purposes, Nazism used it for his political purposes. Despite this, Heidegger did not resign from the party and remained a passive member of the party. In 1945, when Freiburg fell under French military rule, Heidegger was tried by the Freiburg University Senate Purification Board for being a Nazi in the past. After hearing Heidegger, the committee cannot make a definitive decision as to whether he is a Nazi or not. Finally, Karl Jaspers is asked to write a report on Heidegger’s contribution to Nazism. As a result of this report, Heidegger was stripped of his teaching powers. Thus, Heidegger is cut off from the students. Interest in his thought in Germany vanishes altogether.

His former student Hannah Arendt and the creator of the existentialism movement, Jean Paul Sartre, contributed significantly to Heidegger’s re-emergence as a philosopher after the Second World War. Heidegger’s reputation in France prompted the University of Freiburg senate to reconsider Heidegger’s purge in May 1949. This time she is allowed to teach at the university, although the decision about her being a collaborator has not changed. Heidegger died in 1976 and was buried in Meßkirch, the village where he was born, according to his will.

Heidegger spent the last years of his life preparing his works for publication. He wanted to name the works he collected as Pathways (Wege). All his works are published in the Gesamtausgabe.

his books

– On Time and Being, M. Heidegger, A Publications.
– What Is This Philosophy?, M. Heidegger, Social Publications.
– Essence of Humanism, M. Heidegger, Trace Publications.
– What is Metaphysics?, M.heidegger, Kaknüs Publications
– An Inquiry into Technique, M. Heidegger, Paradigm Publications
– Two Lectures on Science, M. Heidegger, Paradigm Publications
– The Concept of Time, Der Begriff der Zeit, M. Heidegger, (Trans., S.Babur), Imge Publishing.

Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook