The Life and Works of Nicolaus Copernicus

The Life and Works of Nicolaus Copernicus

June 27, 2021 Off By Felso

Nicolaus Copernicus (Polish: Mikołaj Kopernik) (1473 Torun – 1543, Frauenburg), Polish astronomer.

Born on February 19, 1473 in Torun (Poland), Copernicus continued his education in Kraków in 1492, specializing in mathematics and astronomy. Returning home in 1494, Copernicus went to Italy for religious education under the influence of his uncle, who was the archbishop. There he studied with the astronomer Domenico Noworra (1454-1504). He returned to his hometown in 1497 and took up a post at the church, but this did not last long. In 1501, while attending law school, he returned to Italy to begin medical school. Here he continued his work. Later, he fell ill with an incurable disease and began to be treated.

Nicolaus Copernicus was born on February 19, 1473, in Thorn, a Prussian city. He was the youngest of four children, whose father was a merchant from Krakow and his mother was the daughter of a wealthy family. His brother Andreas Augustinian was a priest. When he returned from Italy, where he went for his religious education, he took a job in the church for a short time. His sister Barbara was a nun from Venice. His other sister, Katharina, was married to the governor of Thorn. When his father died at an early age, Copernicus took care of the five children he left behind. He has never been married.

De revolutionibus orbium coelestium, written by Copernicus, was translated into Turkish by C. Cengiz Çevik.

Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook