The Patristic Period, What is the Patristic Period in Christian Philosophy?December 24, 2019
Patristic period, the first period between the 2nd century BC and the 8th century after the first Christian philosophy, called the Patristic Period.
The Christian philosophers of this period were also clergymen. Tertullian , Cellemens, and Augustinus are the foremost of these and are also called “ Church Fathers ”. In the Patristic Period, which took its name from this name, the way of explaining the religious mind followed by Augustine became the basic teaching of faith.
We can accept patristic philosophy as a prelude to the preparation of medieval philosophy. This period, from the time of Jesus, 430 in St. Petersburg. Augustine’s death. This includes the further development of Christian dogmatism, which lasted until the Trullo Council of 692. Patristic philosophy constitutes a stage for medieval philosophy. The patristic period will result in the merger of early Christian religion with Hellenistic philosophy . This is more theology than a philosophy. The biggest representative of the period. And Augustine. St. Augustine is perhaps the only person of this period to receive the title of philosopher. In this section, we will outline only the Patristic Age.
It has great differences in species from the early Christian community. However, this can be roughly classified as gentile and non-Jewish. In the first period, a form of Christianity consisting of these two sources was experienced. This is Hellenistic Christianity. is called. Building Revealed by Paul. The new religion goes beyond the dogmas in terms of form and attempts to determine the common senses of people. During this period, pagan and Jewish teachings were active in the ancient world. St. In Paul’s writings, especially in the Letters to the Hebrews, two characteristics of Patristic philosophy can be distinguished. First, the glorification of the personality of Jesus Christ, the recognition that he is the only son of God; secondly, the interpretation of Jesus in terms of philosophical concepts rather than dominance in the Hellenistic world.
The Christian concept of the nature of Jesus Christ personality took no particular form until it was mixed with philosophical design. St. As stated in Paul’s writings, there is the unity of man and God natures within Jesus. This is the seed of the later Trinity doctrine. Furthermore, the doctrine of Paul is a formulation that has been previously discussed in the Council of Niceae and accepted as a result. The doctrine of the Trinity was based on all theology of Western Christianity and was not given a complementary form to the Nicaea Council of 325 . There is a period of participation in religious debates using the terminology of philosophy in the Hellenic world. In the Ante-Nicene (Pre-Nicaea) period , this terminology is widely used in Plato and Christian philosophy. These terms are also used in the Yeniplatonian tradition introduced by Philon . Early Christian thought includes the elements of Stoa and Aristotle , but the Yeniplatonist elements are dominant. Indeed, the Christian philosophy of this period contains elements of the Hellenic philosophy. This is true of most pre-Nicaea philosophy.
The Nicaea Council (325), moving away from Yeniplatonism, formulated formulas for the Christian notion of Jesus Christ as the Son of God. In this understanding Jesus is perceived as a secondary god. It is perceived between a transcendental God and the sensation world.
The fourth century is a turbulent period. The political life of the empire and the doctrinal life of the new Church are intimate. At the end of the century the appearance began to change. In 395, when Theodosius died, the Roman Empire was under effective and powerful rule. Then, with the two sons Honorius and Arcadius ascended the throne, the East and West divide occurred. The development of medieval Christian philosophy is observed in the West. Theodosius banned the Christian religion in 392 three years before his death. The Orthodox sect of this religion will make great efforts to keep their religions alive. In the complex fifth century, this religion began to regulate the wealthy Greek-Roman heritage of the Western empire and became a force against the classical tradition.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Ömer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Grade Giriş Introduction to Philosophy ”and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade Tarihi History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook, MEB Philosophy Textbook, Yolculuk Journey to Philosophy ”Frank Thilly