The Philosophical Understanding of Gottfried Leibniz

The Philosophical Understanding of Gottfried Leibniz

June 27, 2021 Off By Felso

Leibniz is considered to be the philosopher of Cartesian philosophy who developed an interesting philosophy, which can be regarded as the opposite of Spinoza’s in a sense. It is known that he developed a multilateral and multiple philosophy teaching. He used mathematical and organic views of nature together and differed from Descartes and Spinoza with this approach. He is considered one of the first great founding thinkers of modern German philosophy.

Like other rationalists, mathematics is central to Laibniz; we can be successful in reaching the truth by mathematical method and reveal knowledge. Accordingly, sensory information is incomplete information, this information cannot be completed unless the rational one passes. If all our knowledge could be analyzed with mathematical clarity and precision, then our knowledge would be in perfect agreement with reality. Universal mathematics, for Leibniz, is the possibility that all our knowledge can be conceived as mathematical propositions; this possibility illustrates Leibniz’s ideal of knowledge. both proving existing knowledge and finding new knowledge is the goal of this ideal.

At this point, Leibniz is in opposition to the Lockean understanding, especially in the context of the problem of truth. Partially maintaining the elements of empiricism, Leibniz leaves the classical empiricist view and tends towards rationalism in his philosophy; Leibniz does not deny the importance of sense data, but states that sensory data is transformed into knowledge by means of mind or intellect. It is possible to state this as follows: Nothing (in the mind) that has not passed through the senses is found in the mind, except the mind/mind itself. Leibniz, who valued experiment in a way not seen in other rationalists, would firmly assert the existence of a priori knowledge. In a sense, it should be said that he is trying to establish a theory to unite experiment and reason.

The subject of substance is also an important part of Leibniz’s philosophy. Leibniz treats substance differently from others; According to him, substance consists of active force. In contrast to monism, Leibniz’s substantialism has a multiple nature, according to him, substances are infinite in number, each of which is no longer indivisible units, what Leibniz calls substances. He calls these monads. Each monad is part of the universe and carries the universe within itself, there is some kind of connection between the individual and the universal. Accordingly, each monad is seen as unity in multiplicity. Monad doctrine, Leibniz philosophy of knowledge, human, nature and morality etc. fundamental to its approach. The world we live in is the best of all possible worlds. Imperfection is a metaphysical evil, but nevertheless, we live in the best world, since there is no other way. The basis of Leibniz’s optimistic philosophy lies in this proposition.