The Problem of Religion for East and WestJune 26, 2021
“There is no good or bad, our thoughts create them.”
The various branches of philosophy are not only interconnected, but also heavily overlapped, and it is sometimes difficult to tell which idea belongs to which field.
Philosophy also reaches out to many different subjects, including science, history, and art. Philosophy, which initially questioned religious dogmas and superstitions, also asked, “Is there a God?” or “Are our souls immortal?” It also examines religion itself with questions such as: These questions have their roots in metaphysics, but they also have implications for ethics.
For example, some philosophers have investigated whether our moral sense comes from God or is purely human fiction, and this has sparked the debate about how far the original will of mankind has gone.
In the Eastern philosophies (especially Taoism and Buddhism) that originated in China and India, the lines between philosophy and religion are more blurred, at least than in the Western way of thinking. This is one of the most important differences between Western and Eastern philosophies. Eastern philosophies are often associated with what we call matters of faith, although they are not usually the result of divine inspiration or religious dogma.
Although philosophical reasoning is used to justify belief in the Jewish, Christian, and Islamic worlds, faith and faith form an important part of Eastern philosophy, unprecedented in the West. Eastern and Western philosophies also differ in their starting points. While the ancient Greeks were asking metaphysical questions, the early Chinese philosophers thought that religion had dealt with it enough and chose instead to deal with moral philosophy and political philosophy.
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Grade 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and “Introduction to Sociology” (Ömer YILDIRIM); Other Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM)