The Purpose and Nature of Philosophy in Thomas HobbesJune 28, 2021
Hobbes, like Bacon, defends the practical utilitarianism of science and philosophy. The task of philosophy is to free people from dogmatic thoughts, to open the doors of new ideas and to gain a stance against theology.
He argued that theology was not scientific, and he opposed the thesis that the soul has a spiritual structure. Instead, he advocated the new natural science of Copernicus, Galileo, and Harvey. According to him, moral and political philosophy is beneficial as well as natural philosophy (science), because man faces great political destruction because he does not understand the rules of daily and political life well. Knowledge of these rules is moral philosophy. Knowledge is power, both in the sciences and in politics, and the main purpose of philosophy is to use foreseeable influences to our advantage.
We must be able to produce the effects we have conceived in our minds for the benefit of human life, through the application of bodies to each other in terms of equipment and power. Therefore, it is necessary to move from the world of bodies. For Hobbes, philosophy is concerned with causal explanation, that is, with scientific explanations of the processes that produce an effect. God and spiritual existence forms that did not exist through a constructive process should be excluded from philosophy. The subject of philosophy is any corporeal thing that has the property of combining and dissolving, whose formation we can conceive.
For Hobbes, philosophy deals with causal explanation. Its subject is any corporeal thing of which we can conjure up and dissolve. For this reason, God and spiritual beings who did not exist through forming processes should be excluded from philosophy.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook