The Relationship of Beauty with Various ConceptsJune 29, 2021
a) Beauty – Truth (Truth) Relationship
According to Plato, beauty and truth are the same because both express the essence of being. According to Kant, the two are separate things. Truth, which is a property of a judgment, of knowledge, can be known by reason. Truth is about concept and abstraction. Beauty, on the other hand, relies more on our emotions and imagination than on our minds. The beautiful thing is tangible. Truth is a judgment of logic, beauty is a judgment of value (taste).
b) Beauty – Good Relationship
The concept of good carries a moral value. Good thinking is purposeful. There is no purpose in beauty. We notice the beauty of a work before its goodness and benefit. So they are two different things. A person says a painting is beautiful, but cannot say it is good. According to Kant, they are two different things. Beauty is the state of the emotional, while goodness is a concept grasped by the mind. In the beautiful, there is no adherence to any law. On the other hand, goodness is morally bound to the law. According to Plato, the good is the idea of ideas. Therefore, beauty necessarily takes its share from the idea of goodness. Therefore, goodness and beauty are identical and the same thing.
c) Beauty – Pleasant Relationship
According to Kant, the concepts of beauty and pleasant are different things. What is beautiful can be pleasant. But beautiful is not just about pleasant. Also, we cannot say that every pleasing thing is beautiful. For example; It is pleasant to meet bodily needs such as hunger, thirst and rest, but we cannot say that they are beautiful. According to Kant, pleasant has no objective criterion, that is, it can vary from person to person. But what is beautiful is independent of personal evaluations, it is beautiful objectively, that is, because it is beautiful.
d) Beauty – Useful Relation
Ancient Greek philosophers considered beauty and utility the same. According to them, what is useful is beautiful, what is beautiful is good and at the same time useful. However, when Kant distinguished between the beautiful and the good, the ties between the beautiful and the useful were broken. So beauty and utility are two different things. Beautiful is always beautiful, but useful is temporary, it varies from person to person. For example, we say a painting is beautiful, but we cannot call it useful. Likewise, some treatment methods and drugs used in medicine are useful, but we cannot call them beautiful.
e) Beauty – Sublime Relation
Aristotle and Kant argue that they are two different things. According to Aristotle, very big mountains and seas that push the limits of our imagination are high. While the beautiful has features such as order, proportion, and harmony, the sublime expresses infinity and eternity that exceeds certain measures. According to Kant, beauty has a limited size, whereas the sublime has an unlimited size (like the universe). We get excited in the face of beauty. We admire and respect the Almighty.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer Yıldırım