Things to Know About Rene DescartesJune 27, 2021
The famous French mathematician and philosopher “Descartes” is also a scientist. He was born in 1596 in La Haye. Descartes, who had his primary education at the Jesuit College, later received his university education at the University of Poitiers. He stayed in many different countries for years and carried out scientific studies.
Descartes is among the great mathematicians because of the innovations he brought to the theories of algebra and geometry. At the same time, he gained an important place in the field of philosophy. He rejected the scholastic system in philosophy and I think, therefore I am! Based on his word, he built his theories on the basis of Pure Reason. Descartes, who did not accept anything in life without proof, took a skeptical attitude. Descartes, who questioned the existence of God with this attitude, managed to explain this situation in his own way with his studies in the field of metaphysics. With his studies in the field of science, he succeeds in reaching realism after a short period of idealism.
The famous philosopher Descartes has the distinction of being the first both in the field of philosophy and in his works, in his work called “Essays”. In this work, which consists of four parts, he focused on geometry, optics, meteorites and method. With this work, he laid the foundations of the innovations he brought to the field of philosophy and gave philosophy a more modern and innovative form.
Descartes, who improved himself in many areas throughout his education life, became aware of his creative talent thanks to Isaac Beeckman, whom he met at the military school he enrolled in. Descartes, who determined the development of basic sciences in the development of humanity as his vision, advanced himself and his studies in this field. Descartes, who left himself to the flow of life with the speed he gave to his studies, never married during his life. However, in 1635, he had a daughter named “Francine” from Helene of the Netherlands, with whom he lived as a housekeeper. Descartes’ daughter ended her life, which did not last long, in 1640.
Descartes; He adapted the phrase “Nothing can be too far to be discovered” into his life and pursued all his works in line with this promise. Descartes, who succeeded in climbing the ladder of success with his works, ended his successful and historical studies in 1650 at the age of 54. Descartes, who left many works behind before he died, also brought to life many of his unpublished works after his death.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook