Thinking in Parmenides Philosophy – Relation to RealityJune 27, 2021
According to him, everything we think exists, and something that does not exist can neither be thought nor spoken. According to him, this is the first basis of his philosophy. Thinking is making a judgment (logos).
The thinking here is not in a psychic sense. Logos means speech, thinking and sentence. This is judgment. To speak is to judge. Judging is a predicate. Therefore, there cannot be any thought or sentence without a predicate and an object that is the subject of this predicate. To make a wrong judgment in this table is to judge something that does not exist. It is not possible to speak wrongly, since it cannot be spoken about something that does not exist. Here, it is seen that there is a strong connection between being and thinking.
In a way, we can explain this idea as Descartes’ popular expression “I think, therefore I am”, as “I think, therefore I am”.
According to Parmenides, thought and reality are identical. Thus, every thought is the thinking of being. Poverty is unthinkable.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Omer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Sociology Department 1st Year “Introduction to Philosophy” and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade “History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook