Those Who Accept the Existence of Common Aesthetic JudgmentsJune 29, 2021
The work of art carries the value of beauty in itself.
Beauty exists independently of man. If an object is beautiful, it will be beautiful whether it is a person or not. Therefore, there are common aesthetic judgments. Its representatives are Plato and Kant.
Plato: Well, it really exists as an idea. Ideas are beautiful in themselves, among other features. The real beauty is the idea of beauty, which is the reality that never changes. The idea of beauty is common to every rational being. Because it is grasped by the mind.
Kant: He says that some judgments based on emotional taste are completely limited and personal judgments, but true aesthetic judgments cease to be emotional and personal and become intellectual, compulsory and generally valid. He argues that judgments of taste are based on the common aesthetic sense of people and that there are common aesthetic judgments among people. According to Kant, “This painting is beautiful.” the feeling that makes them judge is common to every person; This feeling is not subjective. Because the taste of the beautiful is a disinterested and original pleasure. With this pleasure, when every person turns to the work of art, they will see the same beauty and reach common aesthetic judgments.
Compiled by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Year 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and Year 3 “History of Contemporary Philosophy” (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook