Understanding of Enlightenment PhilosophyDecember 24, 2019
Hegel ‘s judgments of “Reality is whole” and olan Reality is the real, the real is the mental ”; It is the summary, scope and beginning of Hegel’s philosophy.
Hegel says that all beings exist within a single essence within a law. SHE IS; expresses one thing in different concepts; In Hegel, “God”, “geist”, “idea”, “reason” or “spirit lardır are different concepts representing the absolute.
At first, Tin is identical to himself and being for himself. Tin does not recognize himself at this stage. In order to recognize himself, he must see himself in his own absence. It is the non-own. Anti-spirit is nature. The spirit that turned into nature and the universe lost itself here. Pulling out the lost one requires a new transformation. Spirit, whose purpose is to know himself, forces nature to a new transformation. Tin and nature compromise. The new state synthesized is the perfect harmony of spirit and nature. The history of humanity is the basis for the spirit to find and recognize itself.
Spirit’s knowing and recognizing himself is the result of a principle and dialectical law in which Hegel explains the formation and change of beings. This law includes a process of being a triad: thesis (antithesis), antithesis (antithesis) and synthesis (new antithesis). The new argument is the beginning of a new dialectical process.
Each being has the potential to be something in it. For every being to happen, it must transform into its own opposite. In the end, this dialectic process is transformed into what it could be by a new synthesis. For example, an apple seed is also a seed, which has the power to be a tree and an apple in a tree. The process of becoming seed from seed to fruit in the fruit is a dialectical cycle. When the seed falls into the soil, it sprouts if sufficient conditions occur, ie it emerges from the seed. The seed constitutes the body and this body does not yet contain new seeds. If the conditions of growth are in place, it begins to bloom with a new splash, then bear fruit and thus form new seeds.
Gel There is nothing new under the sun, He Hegel says of nature’s dialectics as a cycle. In Hegel’s philosophy, dialectics apply to every being, argument and concept. However, the history of humanity has broken this cyclicity and, thanks to its mind, it has been able to convey both its vitality and its knowledge.
Prepared by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Ömer YILDIRIM’s Personal Lecture Notes. Atatürk University Department of Sociology 1st Grade Giriş Introduction to Philosophy ”and 2nd, 3rd, 4th Grade Tarihi History of Philosophy” Lecture Notes (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook, MEB Philosophy Textbook