Utopias: George Orwell’s “1984 (Nineteen Eighty-Four)” Utopia

Utopias: George Orwell’s “1984 (Nineteen Eighty-Four)” Utopia

June 29, 2021 Off By Felso

In the understanding of the state designed in Orwell’s work “1984”, an oppressive administration based on force and brute force is dominant to the extent that it destroys the human self.

The world is divided into three major states: Oceania (Ocania – America, England and Western Europe), Eurasia (Eurasia – Russia, Eastern Europe) and East Asia (Eastasia – China, Japan). The management styles and living conditions of all three are approximately similar. In this order described in “1984”, an organization called the party that came to power with the revolution is in power. In order to maintain its power, this party puts people under crushing pressure and tortures those who violate the order. The individual is deprived of even the most natural right of life security. So people digested; their freedom, moral and human feelings have been destroyed. Everyone’s thoughts and behavior “Big brother is watching you.” is under threat.

Nineteen Eighty-Four is an allegorical political novel by George Orwell. The story takes place in a dystopian world. He is one of the famous dystopian novels. The concept of Big Brother, especially defined in the book, is still used frequently today. At the same time, George Orwell brought concepts such as the thought police in the book to the present day.

The Party’s worldview was much more easily imposed on people who could not understand it at all. (…) They swallowed everything and did not suffer any harm, because nothing was left of what they swallowed, just as a grain of corn passes through the body of a bird without being digested.

George Orwell’s cult book Nineteen Eighty-Four is the author’s nightmare scenario for the future. A totalitarian world order, in which individuality is destroyed, the mind is taken under control, and people are transformed into mechanized masses, is fictionalized down to the last detail with an incredible imagination. Considering the plays that were staged on the world stage in the past and today, Nineteen Eighty-Four is a novel as realistic as it is utopian. It is a masterpiece that never loses its currency; It is a cry of warning not only for tomorrow, but also for today.

Compiled by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Year 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and Year 3 “History of Contemporary Philosophy” (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook