What are the Basic Concepts of the Philosophy of Art?June 29, 2021
Object: The object that is the subject of art, or in other words, the entity that is the subject of art. For example, the Mona Lisa painting is an aesthetic object.
Subject: It is a person who is interested in art and understands art. For example, the person who evaluates the above-mentioned Mona Lisa painting, approaches that painting from an aesthetic point of view and evaluates Mona Lisa in an artistic sense is the subject.
Aesthetic attitude: It is the attitude of the person who deals with and understands art towards the work of art. For example, some people may like and follow books, some paintings, some sculptures. Everyone’s aesthetic approach can be different.
Aesthetic pleasure: Aesthetic subject; It is the aesthetic excitement or emotion felt as a result of approaching the aesthetic object with an aesthetic attitude. For example, the feeling of relaxation while listening to a piece of music, spiritual discharge, happiness, etc. emotional states correspond to aesthetic pleasure.
Aesthetic judgment: It is the subject’s making a judgment about the work of art (object) that it is beautiful or pleasant. For example, the evaluation of a calligraphy sample or the interpretation of a piece of marbling by a receiver, that is the subject, gives rise to an aesthetic judgment. “Beautiful”, “nice”, “impressive” etc. Emotional states expressed with expressions are aesthetic judgments.
Beauty: Beauty is a judgment of taste. Beauty is the aesthetic subject’s sense of liking and admiration for the aesthetic object.
Pleasant: It is the beauty that caresses the human emotions. Enjoyable, admired.
Supreme: Great, lofty, sublime. What is admirable, hard to reach.
A work of art: It is the work created by the artist as a result of creativity and mastery.
Imitation: It is the artist’s transfer of something to his work by analogy.
Compiled by: Sociologist Ömer YILDIRIM
Source: Atatürk University Department of Sociology Lecture Notes for Year 1 “Introduction to Philosophy” and Year 3 “History of Contemporary Philosophy” (Ömer YILDIRIM); Open Education Philosophy Textbook